To rescue the general rule, we could argue that in these cases, it is the postmodifier, rather than the subject itself, that is followed by a comma, but these apparent exceptions still deserve to be pointed out to writers.
To some extent, whether or not a comma will be used depends on the length of the introductory part. The car or rather the remains of the car rested at the foot of the cliff. A hat is accepted; a full headscarf, preferred. The shaky boxer once so fast and strong shuffled along the corridor.
Please remember that whether a modifier is restrictive or non-restrictive in a given sentence sometimes depends on what the world is like. Also put a comma after the introductory word: She held her tongue that time, thankfully.
A rule along the following lines has even been suggested: Most of these introductory parts will be adverbials of various types, as in the examples above. It was a long walk to the next village. If the subject is identical in the two conjoined main clauses and omitted from the second one, we do not insert a comma before the conjunction: An alternative to using commas here would be to use dashes: My brother was, in some ways, the cause of his own problems.
In a sense, this rule states what is mentioned elsewhere as an apparent exception to the rule that subjects are never followed by commas see link below.
We can use them to separate two independent clauses that are joined by words like and, but, or, nor, so etc. We use commas to separate a dependent clause introduced by words like as, because, since, when, after, while etc.
The men packed up their bags and their tools, and the timber was put away. The refugee group was composed of people from Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Russia.
By the time of his retirement, he had established an unchallenged reputation in this area. She was, as far as I could see, the most talented artist amongst them.
Cooked food is preferred by the majority; fresh food, by a minority. Ms Green the chairperson of the board refused to countenance the idea. Contrasting parts of a sentence Use a comma to separate contrasting parts of a sentence.
The same data was re-entered and analysed in a variety of different ways in the hope of finding a contrast but the results were the same. Somehow he managed to survive. To separate elements in a list.Nov 26, · The APA Style guide actually requires the serial comma, and other major academic style guides, such as MLA and Chicago, recommend it/5(17).
Use a comma to separate two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction. A coordinating conjunction is a connecting word such as and, but, or or. For more information, view the page on sentence structure and types of sentences.
Using APA Style in Academic Writing: The Power of Commas Dec 29, by Jeff Hume-Pratuch The story is told of an ambitious young scholar who dedicated her dissertation to the three greatest influences on her life.
Grammar for Academic Writing provides a selective overview of the key areas of English grammar that you need to master, in order to express yourself correctly and appropriately in academic writing.
Those areas include the basic distinctions of meaning in the verb tense system, the use of modal verbs to express. However, in the context of a formal piece of writing, whether it be an essay, a business letter, or a report, commas take on a greater importance.
Commas placed in the wrong position or omitted can cause cohesive problems and misunderstanding. Comma usage remains one of the most misunderstood concepts in writing.
The misconception that a comma can be arbitrarily inserted to denote a pause must be dispensed with. There are specific (and quite stringent) rules that should be adhered to in academic writing.Download