Also, their actions denied the fact race is culturally constructed, meaning people have different customs, religions, and values from culture to culture. Focusing on such Race biological or cultural essay example distinguishing traits as skin color, body shape, and hair texture causes us to magnify differences and ignore similarities between people.
The human species has a past rich in migration, in territorial expansions, and in contractions. There is no necessary concordance between biological characteristics and culturally defined groups.
Yet old racial concepts persist as social conventions that foster institutional discrimination. Furthermore, the complexities of human history make it difficult to determine the position of certain groups in classifications.
Many other anthropologists continued the ruse of biological objectivity well into the s; some stick to it today. Sure, you might recognise races if you compare the skin pigmentation of people from a village in the Scottish Highlands to one in coastal Kenya. Obstacles to such interaction have been social and cultural, not biological.
There was no "expression of hostility based on physical appearance" Nicholson 15 between the two groups. There is great genetic diversity within all human populations. Anthropology was obsessed with race from the 18th to 20th centuries and has a lot to answer for in terms of the part it played in justifying political and ideological racism.
Humanity cannot be classified into discrete geographic categories with absolute boundaries. How were these races identified? How would we go about recognising races? This genetic capacity is known to differ among individuals.
Ethnicity, by definition is also culturally constructed, therefore it greatly resemble race. These include natural selection, promoting adaptation of the population to the environment; mutations, involving modifications in genetic material; admixture, leading to genetic exchange between local populations, and randomly changing frequencies of genetic characteristics from one generation to another.
Moreover, these physical features were very far from flawless in reinforcing established notions of race. Many large-scale atrocities and instances of genocide were carried out in the name of race, usually involving notions of the superiority of one race over another, particularly during the 17th through to 20th centuries.
All such attempts to scientifically divide humanity into biological races have proven fruitless. Is there any scientific evidence they exist in humans? Dravidians and Sinhalese are in olive green and their classification is described as uncertain.
For centuries, scholars have sought to comprehend patterns in nature by classifying living things. Therefore, the notion that race is biologically constructed in invalid.
Wikimedia Commons What evidence was used to identify human races? How many races have been recognised for living people? On every continent, there are diverse populations that differ in language, economy, and culture. There is no national, religious, linguistic or cultural group or economic class that constitutes a race.
When there was any hostility, it was not based on physical appearance, but rather more of culture practices or values. The geographic pattern of genetic variation within this array is complex, and presents no major discontinuity.
It "was a religious slaughter without racial implications.
The expression of prejudice may or may not undermine material well-being, but it does involve the mistreatment of people and thus it often is psychologically distressing and socially damaging.AAPA Statement on Biological Aspects of Race.
Published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol.ppPREAMBLE As scientists who study human evolution and variation, we believe that we have an obligation to share with other scientists and the general public our current understanding of the structure of human variation from a biological perspective.
This Essay Race: Biological or Cultural? and other 64, it was not based on physical appearance, but rather more of culture practices or values. Cannibalism, for example, "seems to take place without any regard to race, creed, or religion." Social reality of race simply refers to the fact that people still believed that races are.
Race is a classification system used to categorize humans into large and distinct populations or groups by anatomical, cultural, ethnic, genetic, geographical. Race: biological or cultural Essay Race: Social Concept, Biological Idea Race, in the common understanding, draws upon differences not only of skin color and physical attributes but also of language, nationality, and religion.
Race has not been defined by the biological difference that it is stood on the social construct. Race does not discriminate the skin color from others which is related to the ethnicity.
Race is defined on the social construct which based on physical and cultural features (Fulcher & Scott, ). Essay about Race: biological or cultural - Race: Social Concept, Biological Idea Race, in the common understanding, draws upon differences not only of skin color and physical attributes but also of language, nationality, and religion.Download