Questions and Answers Removing question excerpt is a premium feature Upgrade and get a lot more done! According to symbolic interactionists, social order is possible because people learn what various symbols such as shaking hands mean and apply these meanings to different kinds of situations.
Within the micro camp, two other perspectives exist: A way of understanding based on science. Often macro- and microsociologists look at the same phenomena but do so in different ways.
No matter what name it goes under, this view emphasizes that when people interact, they seek to maximize the benefits they gain from the interaction and to reduce the disadvantages. The analogy to the human body helps us understand this skepticism. Key Takeaways Sociological theories may be broadly divided into macro approaches and micro approaches.
We look at these institutions in later chapters. Our eyes help us see, our ears help us hear, our heart circulates our blood, and so forth. Microsociologists would instead focus Chapter 1 3 what is sociology such things as why individual robbers decide to commit a robbery and how they select their targets.
The consequences of any social pattern for the operation of society as a whole. Both men thought that people act rationally and decide before they act whether their behavior will cause them more pleasure or pain. Conflict theory is a macro theory. Thus functionalism emphasizes the importance of social institutions such as the family, religion, and education for producing a stable society.
Their definition of the situation depends not only on whether they shake hands but also, if they do not shake hands, on why they do not. If we break a bone in one of our legs, we have trouble walking; if we lose sight in both our eyes, we can no longer see.
Focusing on group rates of suicide, he felt they could not be explained simply in terms of individual unhappiness and instead resulted from external forces. If they decide that benefits outweigh disadvantages, they will initiate the interaction or continue it if it is already under way.
The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern. A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality and generates conflict and change.
This action is usually intended as a sign of dislike or as an insult, and the other person interprets it as such. In explaining armed robbery, symbolic interactionism would focus on how armed robbers make such decisions as when and where to rob someone and on how their interactions with other criminals reinforce their own criminal tendencies.
Microsociologists examine the interaction of small groups of people, such as the two women conversing here. To do so, capitalists try to keep wages as low as possible and to spend as little money as possible on working conditions. Foundations of social theory.
The special point of view of sociology that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people. If you visited a society where sticking your right hand out to greet someone was interpreted as a threatening gesture, you would quickly learn the value of common understandings of symbols.
To explain armed robbery, symbolic interactionists focus on how armed robbers decide when and where to rob a victim and on how their interactions with other criminals reinforce their own criminal tendencies. One result of these conditions was mass violence, as mobs of the poor roamed the streets of European and American cities.
The unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern. This central fact of capitalism, said Marx and Engels, eventually prompts the rise among workers of class consciousnessor an awareness of the reasons for their oppression.
Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a general view of human behavior that says people act to maximize their pleasure and to reduce their pain.Apr 19, · Statistics intro: Mean, median, and mode | Data and statistics | 6th grade | Khan Academy - Duration: Khan Academy 1, views.
The special point of view of sociology that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people. 2. The study of the larger world and our society's place in it. Chapter 1. An Introduction to Sociology Figure Sociologists study how society affects people and how people affect society.
How does being in a crowd affect people’s behaviour?
(Photo courtesy of PDerek Hatfield/wikimedia commons). Chapter Summary Sociology offers a perspective, a view of the world. E. Emile Durkheim played an important role in the development of sociology. 1. One of his primary goals was to get sociology recognized as a separate academic Chapter One: The Sociological Perspective.
Sociology Test- Chapters 1, 2 & 3 TEST A 1. _____ This sociologist coined sociology as a science and stressed positivism.
2. _____ Perspective that looks at the problems caused by groups that oppose each other and emphasizes conflict, competition, change and constraint in society. A person who weighs pounds steps onto a scale which indicates that they weigh pounds.
He/she gets off the scale, steps back on, and it still reads pounds.Download