Lenin first presented his theses to a gathering of Social Democrats and later April 17 [April 4, old style], to a Bolshevik committee, both of which immediately rejected them. They therefore submitted to the rule of the Provisional Government, formed by liberals from the Duma.
In what way does this differ from riot-inciting agitation, from Russkaya Volya? Failed Early Coup Attempts From the moment Lenin returned to Russia, he began to work toward seizing power for the Bolsheviks using every means available. His arrival was enthusiastically awaited, and a large crowd greeted him and cheered as he stepped off the train.
The class-conscious proletariat can give its consent to a revolutionary war, which would really justify revolutionary defencism, only on condition: The insurrection resulted in a situation of dual power.
Lenin arrived in Petrograd on the evening of April 3, The Bolshevik Party was to organize workers, soldiers, and peasants and to strengthen the Soviets so that they could eventually seize power from the Provisional Government. The political rearmament of the Party It fell to Lenin, then, after his return from abroad, to politically rearm the party and to put forward the decisive importance of the revolutionary direction through the April Theses: And the Plekhanovs, April theses russia and Co.
I attacked the Provisional Government for not having appointed an early date or any date at all, for the convocation of the Constituent Assemblyand for confining itself to promises.
They have got themselves in a mess, these poor Russian social-chauvinists—socialists in word and chauvinists in deed. This peculiar situation demands of us an ability to adapt ourselves to the special conditions of Party work among unprecedentedly large masses of proletarians who have just awakened to political life.
However, no coup grew out of these demonstrations, and they dissipated April theses russia incident. What remains essential is that during the rising tide of the revolution in Russia, the Lenin of the April Theses was never an isolated prophet, nor was he holding himself above the vulgar masses, but he was the clearest voice of the most revolutionary tendency within the proletariat, a voice which showed the way which lead to the victory of October It is, of course, much easier to shout, abuse, and howl than to attempt to relate, to explain, to recall what Marx and Engels said inand about the experience of the Paris Commune and about the kind of state the proletariat needs.
To their surprise, however, Lenin expressed hostility toward most of them, denouncing both the provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet that had helped to bring about the change of power.
The Soviet agreed to cooperate with the government and to advise it in the interests of workers and soldiers. On 4 April Lenin returned from his exile in Switzerland, arrived in Petrograd and addressed himself directly to the workers and soldiers who crowded the station in these terms: The following article was originally published in World RevolutionApril In spite of their more and more radical actions and attitudes, the majority of the working class and behind them the peasant masses, were held back by illusions in the nature of the bourgeoisie, and by the idea that only a bourgeois democratic revolution was on the agenda in Russia.
We are a very long way from the bourgeois obscenities on the supposed putschist attitude of the Bolsheviks! See Article History Alternative Title: Although a limited sense of camaraderie had come about among the various competing parties ever since the February Revolution, Lenin would have nothing to do with this mentality.
After the February Revolution Lenin sought to return to Russia as soon as possible. Lenin first developed this point in his pamphlet "Socialism and War," when he first called the pro-war social-democrats "social chauvinists.
The Provisional Government was dominated mainly by liberals and moderate socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democracy with elections for an executive and a constituent assembly. In the Theses, Lenin: Faced with all these unbelievable calumnies against Bolshevism, it falls to revolutionaries to re-establish the truth and reaffirm the essential point concerning the Bolshevik Party: On the contrary they were based on a comprehension of the real movement which was unfolding in the class at each moment, on the capacity to give a voice and direction to the most radical elements within the proletariat.
Asserts that Russia is "passing from the first stage of the revolution —which, owing to the insufficient class consciousness and organization of the proletariatplaced power in the hands of the bourgeoisie—to its second stage, which must place power in the hands of the proletariat and the poorest sections of the peasants.
I publish these personal theses of mine with only the briefest explanatory notes, which were developed in far greater detail in the report.
From the moment of his return through late OctoberLenin worked for a single goal: Pravda, the official organ of the party, openly adopted a defencist position on the war: But the working class had not yet acquired the necessary political maturity to take all the power.
The Socialists who dominated the Soviet interpreted the February Revolution as a bourgeois revolution and considered it appropriate for the bourgeoisie to hold power. The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution [a.
The target of this foul propaganda is the political organisation, the incarnation of the vast insurrectionary movement ofthe Bolshevik Party, which constantly draws all the vindictiveness of the defenders of the bourgeoisie.
The collapse of the eastern bloc has revived its class hatred. In formulating his strategy, Lenin believed that he could orchestrate a new revolution in much the same way that the previous one had happened, by instigating large street demonstrations.THESES. 1) In our attitude towards the war, which under the new [provisional] government of Lvov and Co.
unquestionably remains on Russia’s part a predatory imperialist war owing to the capitalist nature of that government, not the slightest concession to “revolutionary defencism” is permissible. It is 90 years since the start of the Russian revolution.
More particularly, this month sees the 90th anniversary of the ‘April Theses’, announced by Lenin on his return from exile, and calling for the overthrow of Kerensky’s ‘Provisional Government’ as a first step towards the international proletarian revolution.
Lenin returned to Russia on a sealed train provided by the Germans, who were hoping his defeatist views would undermine the Russian war effort. He arrived in Petrograd on 3 April with a ten-point programme - his April Theses - for a second revolution based on giving power to the Soviets. Lenin speaking in Petrograd in April When Lenin returned to Russia on 3rd April,he announced what became known as the April Theses.
As he left the railway station Lenin was lifted on to one of the armoured.
April Theses, Russian Aprelskiye Tezisy, in Russian history, program developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution ofcalling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in Aprilcontributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d’etat in October On April 7, the Bolshevik newspaper Pravdapublished the ideas contained in Lenin’s speeches, which collectively came to be known as the April Theses.
From the moment of his return through late OctoberLenin worked for a single goal: to place Russia under Bolshevik control as quickly as possible.Download